• Two-Toed Sloth

    Choloepus didactylus

    DSCN3036-Optimized

      • Declining population

      • South America

      • Length: 21 to 28 inch
      • Weight: 15-20 lbs

      • Rainforest

      • Mate during March or April
      • A male attracts a female by marking an area with his scent.
      • Sloths mate and give birth while hanging in the trees.
      • Gestation period: 6 months
      • One young produced per birth
      • Offspring cling to their mother’s belly for 5 weeks until they have the strength to move on their own

      • Leaves, shoots, and fruit from the trees and get almost all of their water from juicy plants.

    • The world’s slowest mammal
    • They are good swimmers
    • They are so sedentary that algae grows on its furry coat. The plant gives it a greenish tint that is useful camouflage in the trees. Their coat has its own ecosystem.
    •  Sloths have a symbiotic relationship with moths. Sloth moths live in a sloth’s hair and then the sloth defecates, adult female moths leave the mammal to lay their eggs in the feces. When the eggs hatch, the larvae feed on the fecal matter and when they reach adulthood, they fly up into the canopy to nestle in a sloth’s fur. The moths help algae in their fur grow.
    • A favorite prey of Harpy Eagles
    • Although they are slow moving, some predators are wary, as a sloth’s bite passes harmful bacteria
    • They are arboreal and only come to ground about once a week to defecate, losing as much as 30% of their body weight

     

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